Choosing Spotting Scopes For Hunters Looking For Big Game

A spotting scope is a vital object of hardware that has a tendency to be forgotten and under utilized by many American professional game hunters. Even though it is maybe a typical tool utilised by a big number of hunters, many factors can make contributions to a huntsman not taking this productive hunting object on their next big game adventure . The price of the spotting scope, having to carry the additional weight in your backpack, or an absence of long range glassing terrain in your hunting area can definitely lead many hunters to steer away from this optical piece of equipment.

Many people are often thinking about hunting and how more times then not “that big one got away”. Over the past few years I have practived and developed better hunting techniques that have aided me harvest those animals that seemed to slip away during the past. I would not have been ready to attain this without total use of a spotting scope. Together with passing more time outdoors, figuring out game, and figuring out the area, using a spotting scope will certainly let you see more game. It will also allow you to see animals while they don’t see you or smell you first. This is a key element to cropping bigger animals.

Spending $4,000 on a spotting scope is not possible for me and many of you almost certainly feel the same as well. Thankfully, a bunch of quality spotting scopes for sale will probably aid you see more game while not requiring you to spend a lot of cash to buy the scope. I give you some spotting scopes that I feel are good products at a good price.

1. Leupold Golden Ring 15-30x50mm Compact Spotting Scope

Selling for $399, this spotting scope delivers multiple features to hunters that want to mix light weight with quality. The Golden Ring line is the very best quality that Leupold has to offer in spotting scopes and this spotter is no exception. Weighing in at 21.5oz, and just over 11in. In length, this scope can be placed in any back country bag without taking up a lot of room or weight. Though there’s a bit of sacrifice in only having 30x magnification and 50mm objective, this scope gives you clear edge to edge viewing in all light circumstances. This scope also gives you a craggy water evidence design and full lifetime guaranty that increases the rationalizations to obtain this scope.

2. Bushnell Excursion 15-45x 60mm ED Spotting Scope

Selling for just over $300, this spotting scope has features that will satisfy many hunters. This waterproof scope has a large objective with 45x power zoom capabilities in a relatively compact design. Despite giving up some edge to edge clarity at longer distances, this scope will do the job for those on a tight budget.

3. Leupold Golden Ring 12-40x60mm HD Spotting Scope

The final spotting scope is the one for you if you who have a bit more money to spend on a top of the line scope without paying $2,000 for it. This scope offers HD quality that rivals the best scopes on the marketplace for $1,200. This spotter offers HD lucidity, edge to edge precision in any light condition, and 40x magnification. With a 60mm objective, your field of view is bright and crisp at the longest of distances. You’ll have the facility to view terrain for long amounts of time with minimal eye pain and improve your chances at catching that big animal on your next hunt. This scope also offers a rough water explanation design and full lifetime warranty.

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Save Your Money Through Cheap Van Lease

When you are running a small business, you have to be very careful in choosing your vehicle. The task is not at all easy. However, you can own a van by contacting the van leasing company of your locality. These vans can be used for commercial as well as personal purposes. The leasing prices of these vans are different. What you can do is to go for a cheap van lease. When you are a van for lease for which you don’t have to pay a huge sum, you can invest the remaining amount to expand your business. The money involves in getting a van on lease is negligible as compared to buying a van.

When you contact a leasing company, they will show you vans of all sizes. You will be free to pick a van of any size keeping in mind the main reason behind leasing it. With the plethora of the leasing companies available today, you can easily take your van on leasing from that company which promises you the cheapest price. But, don’t get lured by the price only. Check the quality of the van you are going to take on lease. Make a comparison of the price quotes of different companies to find out which company is giving the best offer.

Some companies may ask you to pay huge upfront money. These companies will try to convince you by saying that if you pay big amount initially, your monthly installments will be low. In such a case, you shouldn’t take any decision in haste. It is always better to make a low upfront deposit because when you give a big amount in the beginning, you may likely to get deceived by that company. They may not assist you in case of any mishap. So, choose a company that asks you to make a small upfront deposit.

Maintenance charges are also a part of the van leasing deal. The company you are choosing will pay the maintenance charge and hence, you don’t have to take any tension regarding its maintenance. Sometimes these companies also give free service offer. Avail it to keep your leased van in good condition for a long time.

Always bargain the leasing price offering by that company. You can take someone with you who is expert in this field for bargaining. A lot of people don’t realize that they can negotiate the price of the leasing during the process. The final negotiated price is known as the capitalized cost. It, in turn, will affect your monthly installments for leasing.

The best leasing deals are generally given by the manufacturer in the form of sub-vented deals. In these kinds of deals, the interest rates are lowered or increase the remaining amount to make the lease more economical. You can contact the dealers directly to know whether any manufacturer is offering such awesome deal.

Go through the terms and conditions of the agreement before taking any decision.

Teeth Whitening Strips – Which Are The Best And Do They Really Whiten Discolored Teeth?

Teeth whitening strips are a popular and heavily marketed whitening product, but can simple strips whiten your teeth? The active ingredient in whitening strips is used in many different whitening products, but can a few thin strips really contain enough of this bleaching agent to get you the whiter smile you want? Are gels and toothpastes more effective than strips? Read on to find out.

Are Teeth Whitening Strips Really Effective At Whitening Teeth?

Different whitening products will get you different results depending on the amount and concentration of the active whitening ingredient, called peroxide, that is found in the product. One of the most commonly used over the counter at home whitening products are teeth whitening strips. Whitening strips are made by a number of different manufacturers and vary greatly in the concentrations of peroxide used and in their whitening effectiveness.

The strength of whitening strips depends on the amount of peroxide found in them, which isn’t always as simple to tell as it should be. You’ll want to stick to a reputable brand that is ADA approved for the best and safest results. Uncomfortable side effects are a possibility with any whitening product that uses peroxide, so the reputation of the brand matters when searching for a safe but effective product.

The best whitening strips can make a significant difference in your smile and whiten your teeth by several shades, while less effective brands that use less peroxide will not get you the same results. When shopping online for a whitening product it’s important to look at reviews and ratings to determine what product to purchase.

In short, a high quality brand of whitening strips that contains a significant percentage of peroxide can whiten yellow stained teeth effectively. However, care must be taken when shopping to find an effective brand, and there are side effects to watch out for.

How Do Whitening Strips Compare With Gels and Toothpastes?

Generally one teeth bleaching product will be more effective than another if it contains a greater concentration of the active whitening ingredient, peroxide. Whitening gels and strips are both quite effective at whitening teeth, though some gels can be purchased online which include a stronger concentration of peroxide than most whitening strips. However, since most whitening gels use carbamide peroxide and most whitening strips use hydrogen peroxide as their active ingredient, making a direct comparison between the two is not as simple as comparing the percentage of peroxide included in the product.

Most whitening toothpastes do not include peroxide, though there are exceptions that are worth looking into, but instead rely on abrasives like baking soda and hydrated silica to scrape off stains on the outer layer of enamel. The downside to abrasion is that too much can remove enamel from your teeth, damaging them and making them sensitive and even more susceptible to staining. For this reason I recommend avoiding most popular whitening toothpastes and using a brand that features peroxide in addition to limited amounts of gentle abrasives.

How Do Teeth Whitening Strips Work?

The key whitening ingredient in whitening strips is peroxide. All teeth bleaching products like whitening gels, whitening pens, and whitening strips contain peroxide in one of two possible forms. Carbamide peroxide is the most commonly used in gels and can be found in some more effective whitening toothpastes as well, while hydrogen peroxide is typically used in whitening strips and whitening pens.

Carbamide peroxide breaks down into hydrogen peroxide, meaning this form of peroxide is less effective at whitening than an equal concentration of hydrogen peroxide. In fact carbamide peroxide is around 1/3 the strength of the same concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Despite this carbamide is still an effective whitening agent and is often used in gels because it can be safer to handle than high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide.

Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizer, meaning it breaks down itself into oxygen and water. The concentrated oxygen penetrating through the pores of your enamel into your teeth is what breaks apart the stains that discolor you teeth. These stain pigments are torn apart at a molecular level by the oxygen. This is why peroxide whitening gels and strips are more effective at whitening teeth than abrasives like baking soda or most whitening toothpastes, which don’t include peroxide.

What Are The Side Effects Of Using Teeth Whitening Strips?

Like all peroxide whitening products, teeth whitening strips have a risk of side effects. Specifically, you need to be aware of the potential for increased tooth sensitivity and possible gum irritation.

A temporary increase in dental sensitivity to extreme temperatures is a common side effect of whitening your teeth with peroxide. This means it can be painful to eat ice cream or drink hot coffee. This side effect will diminish and eventually disappear once you stop your whitening treatment. The best way to avoid this or to quicken recovery from it is to use a restorative toothpaste to repair the structure of your teeth and decrease sensitivity before beginning your whitening regimen.

Gum irritation can be limited by carefully applying the strips so that they do not come into contact with your gums. Depending on the brand of strips and their size, this may be difficult to avoid.

You can also decrease the time you wear the whitening strips to decrease the risk of sensitivity and gum irritation, however this will of course decrease the effectiveness of the whitening process. Despite this you can still get great whitening results by wearing the strips only on every other day and using a high quality whitening toothpaste in conjunction with them.

Should They Be Used With Other Whitening Products Or By Themselves?

To avoid the side effects associated with peroxide teeth bleaching you should only use one high concentration peroxide whitening product at a time. Choose a quality brand of whitening gel, whitening strips or a whitening pen and use it according to the directions. Continue to brush regularly with a high quality toothpaste, either a restorative toothpaste if you are suffering from sensitive teeth, or a whitening toothpaste to maintain the new smile you’ll receive from a peroxide whitening product.

Remember that no peroxide-based whitening product can whiten crowns or capped teeth, since peroxide can only whiten the natural tooth enamel. It’s also important to know that stains caused by tetracycline, which cause teeth to become a shade of gray, are much more difficult to whiten than yellow stains caused by food. While whitening strips used correctly can provide noticeable results of up to several shades lighter teeth, it’s helpful to temper your expectations. No over the counter product can get you movie star white teeth, but you can get a significantly whiter smile that lets you brighten up a room with a quality brand of whitening strips.

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Why Organic Products Are Better for Your Skin

The word organic gets thrown around a lot, but do you know what it means and why it gets such a good name? The word organic pertains to products that are pure. Organic skincare products are labeled organic contain ingredients that come from minerals, plants and other natural sources that are grown without the use of chemicals and pesticides. The resulting product is also free of chemicals and pesticides, making it safer for your skin. Here are just some of the many reasons why organic beauty products are better for your skin.

Skin absorbs everything. Skin contains millions of pores that are made to absorb things. Imagine what your skin is taking in when you slather on lotions, soaps and other products that contain unnatural chemicals. Those chemicals will eventually end up inside your body and continue to build up. While it is not known at what levels the chemicals can become toxic, why would you want to knowingly put harmful chemicals in your body? On the other hand, organic goods such as tea tree shampoo and neem toothpaste are manufactured without the use of dangerous additives and chemicals.

Organic works better. When you use organic items, you are getting nothing but the best ingredients. Think of the beauty products as though they were food. Compare food items that contain fake substitutes or ingredients, with food that uses real, top-quality ingredients. Real food will always taste better. Beauty products are no different. Organic products work better because they have better ingredients. In addition, organic products often use the raw form of their ingredients, making the resulting product stronger and more potent, and therefore, better for your skin.

It is better for the environment. Organic material is free from fertilizers and synthetic chemicals, which are often used in farming. These fertilizers and chemicals get into the soil, water and also the plants. Therefore, organic products are not only better for you, they are better for the environment. For example, using a natural neem toothpaste made from organic neem will be good for your body because no harmful chemicals are getting into your mouth, and it also good for the environment because no pesticides or fertilizers were used to grow the neem tree.

Many products today are labeled organic, and more and more companies are coming out with natural and organic products. The reason for this is because organic products are just better. They are safer for your body and skin, they work better and they are better for the environment.

Starting Off Right in Dungeons and Dragons Online (DDO) MMORPG

It’s often difficult for new players to get up and running with Dungeons and Dragons Online. If you’ve never played this type of MMO before you’ll notice this statement hits home pretty hard. Due to many changes in the game, the free edition of DDO is nothing like the first released several years back. Much like other MMO’s it continues to grow and progress in complexity. Experienced MMORPG’ers will have no problem appreciating the uniqueness that DDO has to offer. Dungeons and Dragons Online sports only PVE elements so if you’re a PVP thrill-seeker you may want to explore other games. Keep this in mind before beginning the game.

You first start the game at the character creation screen. Choosing your race in DDO is particularly crucial, so pay close notice to the in-game explanations for each. Propose a name that will fit the play style you intend to present in the game. While some would say that some races are “better” than others, each has a distinctive function or class that will compliment the choice; there is no ultimate race. Humans are somewhat considered the middle class, they tout a little fleck of everything. Some players opt to make a choice plainly based on how the race looks while others are total stat-mongers. As the game rolls forward, your character will take shape into whatever you can imagine through DDO’s unique class system; keep a clear focus on what the goals for your character are and you won’t go awry. Customizing your character’s looks may take some time; consider how you plan to play the character before designing their look.

You will need to determine where to exhaust your additional stat points. Think about how your stat points will impact the class you intend to play. You will also have points to spend on skills. The points exhausted here will determine the type of character you will be playing. You will also need to appoint the feats that exemplify how you wish to play your character.

After all the customization is finalized you will commence your journey. Welcome to Stormreach Harbor! For Reaper miniatures click here. Take on some quests and discover if the choices made in the character select screen are appropriate for you. If you’re not satisfied with your character, start over immediately. Don’t trick yourself into thinking it will improve… Dungeons and Dragons Online is pretty quick in showing you what it has to offer. DDO’s audio chat characteristic is great when crawling dungeons for the first time or with newly found friends. Even if you don’t own a mic it’s worthwhile to just pay attention to your group mates’ discussions. DDO does have a LFG feature but it’s more prudent to contact players directly instead of waiting idly for a group. The game gives you the option to solo dungeons, my question to you would be why? Reach out to people, make friends and relish the community. Thanks for reading!

The Benefits of Organic Clothing & Eco-Friendly Apparel

As many people are trying to get back to natural living, by eating foods that are grown organically, (grown without the use of man-made chemicals), some suggest taking it a step further by wearing clothes that are made of only organic materials. A step in natural living that not only focuses on what we put into our bodies, but also looks at what we put on our bodies, i.e. the fabric in our clothes that touch the largest organ in our bodies, our skin.

There are clothing manufactures today that are producing clothes now that are produced out of organically grown material. Materials such as organically grown cotton, wool, and hemp are some of the materials from which organic clothes are manufactured. Bamboo clothing is even an option for those who are seeking organic apparel.

Organic clothing is an option for those who are trying to live a natural, healthy lifestyle as well as those who are concerned about the well-being of our planet. By wearing clothes organic, people can keep a lot of man-made chemicals from touching their epidermis, such chemicals as formaldehyde, bromines, urea resins and halogens just to name a few. The organic clothes are free from these chemicals, so that your skin is only in contact with the natural material from which your clothes were made. Some of the chemicals that are found in clothes that are not made from organic material can cause an allergic reaction to those who are wearing the clothes. Additionally, when considering about what babies or toddlers wearing next to their skin, chemicals are absorbed through osmosis; there is always the possibility that a child that has a wet diaper might provide enough moisture to allow some chemicals to be absorbed. With organic infant clothes that risk can be minimized. Another example could be a tee-shirt that is soaked in sweat, could that provide enough moisture for osmosis? That is question that may or may not have an answer, but by wearing organic cotton t shirts that risk can be eliminated.

Besides keeping a host of chemicals from making contact with our skin, it has been stated by some that organic clothing is more durable and wears longer than clothes that are constructed from non-organic material. This is an appealing feature to organic clothing; for example, sometimes people have a favorite article of clothes, they like its looks, the way it wears, the way it fits, but then it wears out and is no more, an organic article of clothing that they were fond of may stay with them longer. Additionally, clothes that do not wear out quickly are friendlier to our planet, since they do not end up in a landfill so quick. One might also think of the benefits of hand me downs from organic clothes that are more durable, often baby clothes are handed down, and there could be the possibility of passing down organic toddler clothes down to future generations. One of the durable organic materials that organic clothes are manufactured from is hemp, which from centuries past has been used and known as a tough, resilient material that has been used to make rope, paper, and clothing.

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Burial Insurance – 6 Reasons Why You Need One

A lot of people like to avail of educational insurance packages and medical insurance packages for themselves and for members of their family. However, a lot of people are still somewhat allergic to the idea of burial insurance. Perhaps they do not like the idea of preparing for an event that nobody wants to happen. However, there are a lot of advantages to availing a burial insurance. Here are just some of them:

Have Future Security

Burial costs can be very expensive. The price of casket, cemetery land, embalming, funeral arrangements, and other related costs are no joke. It can leave the bereaved with a lot of financial responsibility to shoulder. You can avoid having to shoulder such sudden financial responsibilities by securing a burial insurance for members of your family. By having one yourself, you can avoid leaving financial responsibility to your loved ones.

Avoid Lump Sum Cost

Burial insurance is paid on installment basis. This makes the burial cost easier to shoulder. It is a lot better than having to pay all the burial expenses when someone dies. You can also avail of different installment plans. Some insurance providers allow you to choose from numerous installment options (e.g. 5 years to pay, 7 years to pay, 10 years to pay, etc.). This means that you can choose a payment plan that suits your financial capability.

Enjoy Additional Benefits

To attract customers, insurance providers usually bundle additional benefits to their packages. For example, an insurance provider may provide educational assistance to the underage children that the deceased will leave behind. The insurance company may also provide financial assistance to the family of those that will die prematurely (earlier than expected). By availing a burial insurance now, you are actually securing more future benefits than one.

Make Early Arrangements

Other than the expenses, doing burial arrangements can also be tiresome. This is especially depressing considering that the family of the deceased is already in bereavement. You can avoid such tasks by availing a burial insurance package now. This is because burial insurance packages normally include funeral arrangements as well. For example, you will no longer have to find a funeral car to rent or a casket to buy because the insurance provider will take care of these things for you. All you have to do is bereave the passing of your loved one.

Absorb Future Price Fluctuations

By availing of a burial insurance now, you are paying based on the current market price of funeral expenses (current market price of casket, funeral car rental, and such). In the event that funeral costs and burial costs increase in the future, your insurance provider will not ask additional payments from you. This way, you are protecting yourself from future price increases.

Buy Something You Will Surely Avail

Some insurance packages end up not getting consumed by the holder. In a medical insurance for example, the insurance holder will not avail of its benefits unless he/she comes to require medical assistance. However, it is a certainty that everyone will need burial assistance in the future although nobody wishes for it to happen soon. This means that you are not paying for nothing.

The Essential ECG Simulator Heart Arrhythmias

ECG simulator is a device that is used on a regular, even daily or weekly basis, to test the proper functioning of the various vital sign monitors, patient monitors or electrocardiography, ECG monitors. In a hospital setting, with a large number of patients who have or are about to undergo surgeries and whose vital signs are weak, it becomes extremely important that the patient monitors of any kind are functioning correctly at all times.

If you are in charge of testing ECG monitors with ECG simulators in a hospital then in this article we will go over some of the basic simulated ECG waveforms and associated arrhythmias of the heart. By knowing the choices, you will be better able to match the testing procedures and waveforms using ECG machines with the actual situation of the observed patients in your hospital. That way, you will have the best chance to make sure that your ECG monitors and patient monitors are well calibrated for the task at hand.

ECG patterns included with ECG simulators

Normal rhythm of the heart: ECG simulator will typically have an option of choosing an adult heart beat, at around 80 beats per minute, and a pediatric or child’s heart beat, at 40 beats per minute.

Irregular rhythms that are caused by abnormal atrium part of the heart

Asystole: No detectible electric signals in the heart. This probably means that the heart is stopped. The opposite is not true. The heart can be stopped even though the electric heart signals are coming in.

Sinus Arrhythmia: The heart as a whole will beat faster due to faster beating of the “pace maker”, or the “sinus node” in the atrium. This can often be quite normal, such as in a fearful situation.

Sick Sinus Syndrome: Opposite to sinus arrhythmia, here the sinus node reduces the expected heart rate and the whole heart slows down.

Missed beat: Heart acts normally, misses a beat, and returns to normal action.

SVT: Supraventricular tachycardia, happens when either the atrium or the AV node starts firing faster and regularly.

PAC or APC: Premature atrial contractions, or premature supraventricular contractions. Abnormality when the atria contract earlier than normal.

Atrial flutter: Similar to atrial fibrillation but signal originating in a single part of the atria. The frequency can be as fast as three hundred contractions per minute, but the AV will only allow every other beat through, so the ventricular contractions will be exactly one half.

Atrial fibrillation: Stands for electric signals originated from multiple different places in the atria. Fibrillation will cause faster than normal heart beat. Atrial fibrillation can be either coarse or fine.

Irregular rhythms caused by faulty Ventricules

PVC: Premature ventricular complex, electric signal starts in the ventricle and causes ventricle to beat earlier than normal. This is usually not repeated, but a single event. This can have a focus on either ventricle, left or right, or can be multi focal. PVC can come as single aberration, or in pairs, etc. They are different from Bigeminy or Trigeminy above.

Ventricular fibrillation: Faster and irregular beating of the ventricle. Fibrillation can either be fine or coarse. The fibrillation causes the heart to become unable to beat or pump any appreciable amount of blood through the body. This is termed cardiac arrest, or stoppage of the heart.

Ventricular tachychardia: Faster beating of the ventricle, usually quite regular. A very dangerous symptom.

How To Recover From The Top 10 Crucial Mac Disasters

1. Mac Keyboard Gets Liquid Exposure

Immediately disconnect the power cord and remove the battery from your Mac. Turn your Mac upside down at an angle to allow the moisture to drain out. Do not lay the machine flat because we want to separate the machine from the moisture. Be sure to have a towel or cloth underneath the Mac to collect the dry liquid. Be sure to allow at least 3 days to pass before you reinstall the battery and power up the Mac. This will allow the moisture to dry completely.

DO NOT USE A HAIRDRYER! Hairdryers can burn the liquid onto important Mac components which can cause a application or software malfunction. If you are desperate and money isn’t a concern, you can contact a data recovery company such as Techserve or DriveSavers after you pull the plug from your Mac. Another option is to take your Mac in to an Apple Store but remember food and liquid damage is not covered by Apple Care.

If you computer starts up, and you are a self sufficient type of guy, you may be able to do the next step by yourself. You will have to disassemble your Mac and swab down the affected area with distilled water or denature alcohol which is available at hardware stores. If you aren’t confident in dissembling your Mac, take it to a local Apple Store for cleaning. Be sure to clean the affected area because if left, the liquid may corrode the Mac’s inwards overtime.

2. Mac Stuck in StartUp Mode

What do you do when your Mac stays stuck on the start up screen? First step is to reboot the Mac and hold down the Command and S key as the Mac is starting up. This will allow you to boot in single user mode and you will see white text appear on your screen. Once you see the # command prompt, type /sbin/fsck/-fy and hit return. The Mac will go into file system consistency check.

Be patient this process may take anywhere from 15 minutes to an hour depending on the problem that is plaguing the Mac. Don’t be alarmed when you see the message “File System was modified”. Repeat the command prompt step again and again until you see a message stating “no problems were found”. Once this message appears, type in reboot.

If this doesn’t work and your computer is still stuck in start up mode, insert your OS X install disc into the disc drive and reboot. As the Mac is starting up, hold down the C key. If you are running 10.4 or later go to ApplicationsUtilitiesDisk Utility, select your hard drive and click Repair Disk on the First Aid tab. If there aren’t any disk errors, click Repair Disk Permissions. When this process is complete, restart your Mac.

If you are running OS 10.2 you can do the same steps except you will go to the InstallerOpen Disk Utility. If all the above fails, you will probably need to take your Mac to the Apple Store for professional repairing.

3. Mac Will Not Power On

If you attempt to power up your Mac and there is no start up chime, sound from the hard drive or Mac’s fan, and the light on the power indicator isn’t on, unplug you power cord and remove your battery. Also remove any other peripherals that may be connected such as printers, displays, etc. Now after waiting about 2 minutes, reconnect the battery and power cord to check if your Mac will start up normally. If it does, you are safe and can plug back in all peripherals.

If this doesn’t work, unplug the power cord and disconnect the battery again. Now try to reset the System Management Controller. If the System Management Controller’s file has been corrupted the Mac may not recognize it’s power supply. If you have a Mac Book or Mac Book Pro, hold the power button down for 5 seconds, then reconnect the adapter and press power to hopefully start up the Mac.

If you have a Mac Book Air you will need to hold Shift-Control-Option on the left side of the keyboard and press power. If you use another model, check with Apple Support, or Google the model name of your Mac + SMC to learn how to reset the System Management Controller.

4. Mac is Running Slow

One reason your MacBook Air water damage may tend to run slow is because a lot of applications and toolbars we may not use may be utilizing a lot of the Mac processing memory. Its time to erase / consolidate some of those resources you do not need. Create a new folder and put all the icons and folders into the newly created folder.

We do this because desktop icons and folders also use processing memory. If you want to consolidate even more, turn off some of the features you don’t need like animations, effects, and scrolling bars. The simplest way to do this is to use TinkerTool a free app that lets you customize OS X.

5. Mac Application Crashes

One cause of application failures could be because of system updates, downloading or installing a new piece of software or editing or changing the preferences on your Mac. If you have did none of the above the problem may be the application’s preferences. Go to ACCOUNTS create a new account and log in as the new user. If the application works with the new user account, the problem may be with the application preferences.

If this is the case you could either reset application preferences by holding down command+option+shift keys when starting the application or you could go to Users/Library/Preferences folder and removing the crashed application’s preferences. If you still can’t figure out how to reset the application default preferences, you could go to the manufacturer’s website.

6. Mac Makes a Mysterious Buzz Noise

If you hear a high pitched noise or weird buzz coming from your Mac’s hard drive that may be a warning sign it may be time to replace it. Another sign may be frequent application freezes or start up freezes. Also if files are starting up slowly or closing slowly that is another sign it may be time to replace the hard drive. Your Mac’s monitoring system may say the hard drive is o.k. but don’t take any chances! Back up the drive asap!

7. Macbook Gets a Scratch

Some people have tried the DIY approach to repairing scratches. I have heard stories of people taking their MAC in to jewelers to have the scratches buffed out. Other people have used put Vaseline into the scratch to mask it. You can try Apple Care but usually they won’t cover this.

One solution is TechRestore. TechRestore can replace a MacBook display anywhere from $350 to $500 depending on the display size of your MacBook’s screen. If you are handy and want to do it yourself, PowerBookMedic is a good source to purchase a new display.

8. Your Mac’s Fonts Are Going Exorcist

Small font files and corrupt files can cause application crashes and display issues. If you are running OS X (Tiger or Leopard) you can avoid by going into applications and launching Font Book. Once Font Book is open command click a group of fonts to check if they are corrupt and then select validate fonts. Bad files and corrupt fonts can enter your system from being downloaded from bad websites.

If a particular file is corrupt, you will see a round icon with an X on it. Click the box next to the bad font and then select Remove Checked to remove the file from your system. If there is a yellow warning sign next to the font, remove the font file from the Font folder, restart the system and hopefully this will resolve your issue.

If you are running an older OS system on your Mac I would suggest a font manager like Extensis Suitcase Fusion. This app is highly recommended and offer many ways to organize and work with your fonts.


If Safari is having performance issues try Resetting Safari (go to Safari>Reset Safari). Doing this will give you the option to delete stored login information, cache, favicons, history, and cookies. Before you delete everything try only deleting cache, favicons, and history first.


Many people use toothpaste! Yes toothpastes can be used to remove the blemishes and scratches on your screen but I wouldn’t recommend it because certain brands of toothpaste may be more abrasive and could possibly add more scratches.

One solution I would suggest is Applesauce polish. Applesauce is simple to use, just follow the self explanatory directions.

The Future of Digital Currencies

“Ah but it’s Digital now”. “Digital” a word whose origins lie in the latin digitalis, from digitus (“finger, toe”); now it’s use is synonymous with computers and televisions, cameras, music players, watches, etc, etc, etc. But what of digital money or even digital democracy?

The printing press caused a revolution in its time, hailed as a democratic force for good by many. Books available to the masses was indeed a revolution; and now we also have e-books and technological devices to read them with. The fact that the original words have been encoded into a numerical form and decoded back to words electronically does not mean we trust less the words we are reading, but we may still prefer the aesthetics of a physical book than a piece of high-tech plastic which needs to have its battery charged to keep working. Can digital currencies such as bitcoin really provide a contribution to positive social change in as spectacular a way?

To answer this we must ask what of money, how are we to understand it, use it and incorporate it into a sustainable model of a ‘better world for all?’ Money, unlike any other form of property, is unique in that it may be used for anything prior to an event even occurring. It implies nothing, yet can be used for great good or great evil, and yet it is only what it is despite its many manifestations and consequences. It is a unique but much misunderstood and misused commodity. Money has the simplicity of facilitating buying and selling, and a mathematical complexity as demonstrated by the financial markets; and yet it has no notion of egalitarianism, moral or ethical decision making. It acts as an autonomous entity, yet it is both endogenous and exogenous to the global community. It has no personality and is easily replaceable, yet it is treated as a finite resource in the global context, its growth governed by a set of complex rules which determine the way in which it may behave. Yet despite this the outcomes are never completely predictable and, furthermore; a commitment to social justice and an aversion to moral turpitude is not a requirement of its use.

In order for a currency to effectively perform the financial functions required of it, the intrinsic-value of money has to be a commonly held belief by those who use it. In November 2013 the US Senate Committee on Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs acknowledged that virtual currencies are a legitimate means of payment, an example of such is Bitcoin. Due to the very low transaction fees charged by the ‘Bitcoin network’ it offers a very real way to allow the transfer of funds from migrant workers sending money back to their families without having to pay high transfer fees currently charged by companies. A European Commission calculated that if the global average remittance of 10% were reduced to 5% (the ‘5×5’ initiative endorsed by the G20 in 2011), this could result in an additional US$ 17 billion flowing into developing countries; the use of the blockchain would reduce these fees near to zero. These money transfer companies who extract wealth from the system may become dis-intermediated through the use of such an infrastructure.

Probably the most important point to note about cryptocurrencies is the distributed and decentralised nature of their networks. With the growth of the Internet, we are perhaps just seeing the ‘tip of the iceberg’ in respect of future innovations which may exploit undiscovered potential for allowing decentralisation but at a hitherto unseen or unimaginable scale. Thus, whereas in the past, when there was a need for a large network it was only achievable using a hierarchical structure; with the consequence of the necessity of surrendering the ‘power’ of that network to a small number of individuals with a controlling interest. It might be said that Bitcoin represents the decentralisation of money and the move to a simple system approach. Bitcoin represents as significant an advancement as peer-to-peer file sharing and internet telephony (Skype for example).

There is very little explicitly produced legal regulation for digital or virtual currencies, however there are a wide range of existing laws which may apply depending on the country’s legal financial framework for: Taxation, Banking and Money Transmitting Regulation, Securities Regulation, Criminal and/or civil law, Consumer Rights/Protection, Pensions Regulation, Commodities and stocks regulation, and others. So the two key issues facing bitcoin are whether it can be considered as legal tender, and if as an asset then it is classed as property. It is common practice for nation-states to explicitly define currency as legal tender of another nation-state (e.g. US$), preventing them from recognising other ‘currencies’ formally as currency. A notable exception to this is Germany which allows for the concept of a ‘unit of account’ that can therefore be used as a form of ‘private money’ and can be used in ‘multilateral clearing circles. In the other circumstance of being considered as property the obvious discrepancy here is that, unlike property, digital currencies have the capacity of divisibility into much smaller amounts. Developed, open economies are generally permissive to digital currencies. The USA has issued the most guidance and is highly represented on the map below. Capital controlled economies are effectively by definition contentious or hostile. As for many African and a few other countries the topic has not yet been addressed.

Starting from the principles of democratic participation it is immediately apparent that bitcoin does not satisfy the positive social impact component of such an objective in so far as its value is not one it can exert influence over but is subject to market-forces. However any ‘new’ crypto-currency may offer democratic participation when the virtual currency has different rules of governance and issuance based upon more socially based democratic principles.

So what if a “digital” currency could provide a valid alternative to existing forms of money in performing the role of contributing positively to: the goals of promoting a socially inclusive culture, the equality of opportunity and the promotion of mutualism; which as their very name implies are alternative and/or complementary to an official or national sovereign currency? Virtual cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin are a new and emerging dynamic in the system; though in their infancy, the pace of innovation in the field of cryptocurrencies had been dramatic.

There are many factors which determine the ‘effectiveness’ of money to bring about positive social and environmental change; pervading political ideology, economic environment, the desire of local communities and individuals to pursue alternative social outcomes whilst seeking to maximise economic opportunity, building of social capital, and many others. If a local digital currency could be designed to build extra resilience into a local economy and improve economic outcomes then introduction on a more widespread basis merits investigation. When the current economic system fails to deliver it is manifested in such ways as: increased social isolation, higher crime rates, physical dereliction, poor health, a lack of a sense of community, amongst other undesirable social impacts.

The future is digital?

If you’re interested in the future of digital currency, and how it could be used for social and community good, then check out Coinbase Review.